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Glossary 

Acute surgery
Urgent surgery which needs to be completed in hours or days.

Clinical Commissioning Group
A Clinical Commissioning Group is an NHS organisation set up in 2012 to organise the delivery of NHS services.

Emergency centre
An Accident and Emergency or A&E department in a hospital which treats patients with serious illnesses or injuries.

Emergency surgery
Unplanned surgery which needs to be completed immediately due to a life-threatening illness or injury.

Haematology
The area of medicine that involves the study and treatment of blood.

Inpatient
A patient who stays in hospital overnight.

Outpatient
A patient who is treated during the day and doesn’t need to stay in hospital.

Medical Assessment Unit (MAU)
A short stay department in a hospital where patients undergo tests and stabilisation before they are transferred to a ward or sent home.

Major Emergency Centre
A centre in a hospital with specialist facilities and staff which treats patients with specific conditions, like heart attacks or stroke, as well as treating patients with other illnesses and injuries who would attend an A&E department.

Major Trauma Centre
A specialist centre in a small number of hospitals which treats patients with the most serious and life-threatening injuries like serious head injuries, severe gunshot wounds or road traffic accidents.

Minor Injuries Unit (MIU)
A department in a hospital where patients will be treated if they have minor injuries like cuts or broken bones.

Orthopaedics
Orthopaedics or orthopaedic surgery  is concerned with conditions relating to bones like the spine, hips, knees, hands and feet.

Paediatric Assessment Unit (PAU)
The same as a medical assessment unit but for children.

Primary care
The first point of contact for a patient when he/she is feeling ill but is not experiencing a medical emergency, for example a GP.

Urgent Care Centre (UCC)
A department in a hospital where a patient will be treated if they have a non-emergency illness of injury.

Urology
The area of medicine that focuses on diseases of the kidneys, bladder and male reproductive organs.

Vascular surgery
Specialist surgery on veins and arteries.